Within the interdisciplinary project “Interculturalism: A Comparative Lexicon”, this article aims to analyse the concept of multiculturalism from an anthropological perspective. To do so, the article first focuses on the ways in which multicultural policies have been implemented in different Latin American countries, particularly with regard to indigenous peoples. It then examines a specific case from the Bolivian context to show how indigenous peoples have responded to multicultural policies. Finally, it highlights the tensions inherent in the concept of multiculturalism by analysing it from the perspective of various indigenous intellectuals.

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